Activist / Abolitionist.

Activist and Abolitionist were men and women who fought against African slavery and for black equality in America since the Civil War.

Abolitionist Erastus Cravath born

*Erastus Cravath was born on this date in 1833. He was a White American abolitionist, educator, chaplin and administrator.

Medgar Evers' murderer convicted

Byron De La Beckwith

*On this date in 1994, Byron De La Beckwith was convicted of killing civil rights activist Medgar Evers after thirty one years.

On the morning on June 12, 1963, Evers was getting out of his car at his home when he was shot in the back. Though Beckwith was arrested for the crime, two all-white juries could not reach a verdict in 1964. Beckwith was finally convicted of the murder. He remained in prison until his death in 2001 at age 80.


Activist Viola Liuzzo born

Viola Luizzo

*Viola Liuzzo Liuzzo was born on this date in 1925. She was a White American civil rights activist.

Abolitionist Elizabeth C. Stanton born

Elizabeth Standon

*Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born on this date in 1815. She was a White American abolitionist and feminist.

Abolitionist Abby Foster born

Abby Foster

*Abby Foster was born on this date in 1811. She was a white American abolitionist and advocate of women's rights.

Odessa Brown born

Odessa Brown

*Odessa Brown was born on this date in 1920. She was an African American cosmetologist, and health activist.

She was born in Des Arc, Arkansas and received training as a licensed beautician at the C. J. Walker Beauty School in Chicago.  She moved to Seattle, WA in 1963. A mother of four, she supported her family by working as a Community Organizer for the Central Area Motivation Program beginning in 1965, and as a beautician.  Brown was a staunch supporter of a health care facility for children in the Central Area of Seattle. 

Eleanor Roosevelt born

Eleanor Roosevelt

*Eleanor Roosevelt was born on this date in 1884. She was a White American diplomat, First lady, writer, humanitarian and Civil Rights activist.

John Seigenthaler born

John Seigenthaler

*John Seigenthaler was born on this date in 1927. He was a White American journalist and civil rights activist.

Clyde Kennard born

Clyde Kennard

*Clyde Kennard was born on this date in 1927. He was an African American civil rights pioneer and martyr.

Kennard was born in Hattiesburg, Mississippi in 1927; he moved to Chicago at the age of 12 to aid his injured sister, Sarah. He stayed and graduated from Wendell Phillips High School, then entered the U.S. Army. After serving as a paratrooper during the Korean War, he returned to Chicago and started college at the University of Chicago.

Heman M. Sweatt born

Heman Sweatt

*Heman Sweatt was born on this date in 1912. He was an African American educator, postal worker and activist.