Activist / Abolitionist.

Activist and Abolitionist were men and women who fought against African slavery and for black equality in America since the Civil War.

Francis Frederic wrote about slavery


Francis Frederic

*The birth of Francis Fredric is celebrated on this date in 1809. He was a Black abolitionist and publisher.

He was born a slave on a plantation in Fauquier County, Virginia. When he was fourteen years old, Fredric's master moved to Mason County, Kentucky. His master's wife used him as a house slave. However, after attending a prayer meeting he was so badly whipped he ran away. He was free for nine weeks but was captured and received 107 lashes of the whip.

Charlotte Grimke, abolitionist and educator


Charlotte Forten Grimke

*Charlotte Grimke was born on this date in 1837. She was a Black abolitionist and poet.

Enolia McMillan, activist for education


Enolia McMillan

*Enolia Pettigan McMillan was born on this date in 1904. She was an African American educator, civil rights activist, and community leader.

Marie Foster, an Alabama original


Marie Foster

*Marie Foster was born on this date in1917. She was an African American educator and a civil rights activist.

She was born Marie Priscilla Martin near Alberta, Alabama. Foster's mother took her to Selma to get an education against Foster's father's wishes. Foster did not initially complete high school, but instead dropped out, married, and raised three children. After her husband's death, Foster worked low-wage jobs but eventually completed high school, went to a junior college, and became a dental hygienist.

William Taylor, Civil Rights Activist


William Taylor

*William Taylor was born on this date in 1931. He was a Jewish American attorney, lobbyist and Civil Rights activist who played a major role in drafting civil rights legislation.

John Douglas worked for civil rights


John Douglas

*John W. Douglas was born on this date in 1921. He was a White American lawyer, political attorney, civil and human rights activist.

John Woolman Douglas was born in Philadelphia, PA. He graduated from Princeton University in 1943 and served in the Navy during World War II. He received a law degree from Yale University in 1948. During this time he married Mary St. John in 1(945). After law school, Douglas attended Oxford University as a Rhodes scholar and received a postgraduate degree in politics, philosophy and economics.

A soldier for Civil Rights, Benjamin Hooks


Benjamin Hooks

*Benjamin Hooks was born on this date in 1925. He was an African-American civil rights activist, lawyer and minister.

Mildred Jeter Loving, Love will find a way!


Mildred Loving

*Mildred Loving was born on this date in 1939. She was an African and Native American activist.

Born Mildred Delores Jeter, she was African American and Rappahannock Native American descent. She met Richard Loving a white man when she was 11 and he was 17. He was a family friend and years later they began dating. They lived in the Commonwealth of Virginia, where interracial marriage was banned by a 1924 statute. When she was 18 she became pregnant, and the couple decided to marry, traveling out of Virginia to do so.

Helen Suzman a woman of conviction


Helen Suzman

*Helen Suzman was born on this date in 1917. She was a Jewish South African educator, activist and politician.

She was born Helen Gavronsky at Germiston, Transvaal, on the day the Russian Revolution began, she liked to remark. She was the daughter of Lithuanian-Jewish immigrants, Suzman studied as an economist and statistician at Witwatersrand University. In 1937, she married Dr. Moses Suzman and had two daughters with him before returning to university as a lecturer in 1944.

Shadrach Minkins showed a thirst for freedom


Minkins' (wanted poster)

*The birth of Shadrach Minkins in 1814 is celebrated on this date. He was a Black fugitive slave.

Born in Norfolk, Virginia, he escaped from slavery in 1849. Minkins settled in Boston, Massachusetts (a Free State), where he became a waiter. In 1850, Congress enacted the Fugitive Slave Law, which allowed federal agents to seize escaped slaves living in Free states and return them to their owners. United States marshals arrested Minkins on February 15, 1851; but he was rescued by force by members of the anti-slavery Boston Vigilance Committee.