Activist / Abolitionist.

Activist and Abolitionist were men and women who fought against African slavery and for black equality in America since the Civil War.

Fanny Kemble, actress, abolitionist, author of plantation life book

Frances Kemble

Frances “Fanny” Kemble was born on this date in 1809. She was a White British actress, author, and abolitionist.

Frances Anne Kemble was a member of the famous Kemble theatrical family, and the oldest daughter of actor Charles Kemble and his actress wife Maria Theresa De Camp, and the niece of noted tragedienne Sarah Siddons. Fanny was born in London, and educated chiefly in France.

Desmond Tutu, Anglican Archbishop who serves all humanity

Desmond Tutu

Desmond Tutu was born on this date in 1931. He is a Black South African priest and activist.

Born in Klerksdorp, Transvaal, Desmond Mpilo Tutu and his family moved to Johannesburg when he was 12 years old. Although he wanted to become a physician, his family could not afford the cost and he followed his father's footsteps into teaching. In 1951, Tutu studied at the Pretoria Bantu Normal College and went on to teach at Johannesburg Bantu High School, where he remained until 1957.

Political activist William White III born

William White III

*Bill White, III was born on this date in 1915. He was an African Canadian composer and social justice activist.

William Andrew (Bill) White, III., O.C. was the son of a Baptist minister, the brother of famed Canadian concert singer Portia White, labor union leader Jack White, and television performer Lorne White. He was the father of software designer W. Romney White, folk musician Chris White, Toronto physician Laurie White, social activist and politician Sheila White and professional musician Tim White.

Irene Kirkaldy, the bus stopped here

Irene Kirkaldy

Irene Morgan Kirkaldy was born on this date in 1917. She was an African American educator and civil rights activist.

Matthew Little, activist and businessman

Matthew Little

Matthew Little was born on this date in 1921. He was an African American businessman and one of Minnesota's most prominent Civil Rights advocates for over 50 years.

William Matthew Little was born in Washington, N.C., the first city in America named after George Washington, and the son of Arthur and Bessie Little. His grandfather was a farmer, and his father was an engineer in a plant that made corn and wheat products.

Mary Ovington, a pioneer in Civil Rights

Mary W. Ovington

Mary White Ovington was born on this date in 1865. She was a White American suffragette, socialist, Unitarian, journalist, and co-founder of the NAACP.

Crusaders against injustice, the Southern Poverty Law Center

The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) was founded on June 30, 1971 as a legal activist center in the fight for justice and tolerance.

SPLC began as a small civil rights law firm. Today, the Center is internationally known for its tolerance education programs, its legal victories against white supremacists and its tracking of hate groups. The Center was founded by Morris Dees and Joe Levin in Montgomery, AL. Its first president was civil rights activist Julian Bond. Through the years, the Center has worked to make America's Constitutional ideals a reality.

James Cameron, Holocaust Museum founder

James Cameron

*James Cameron was born on this date in 1914. He was an African American brewing worker, activist and founder of America's Black Holocaust Museum.

From LaCrosse, Wisconsin he was the son of James Herbert Cameron and Vera Carter. After his father left the family they moved to Birmingham, Alabama, then to Kokomo, Indiana. When his mother remarried, the family resettled in Marion, Indiana. Young Cameron attended DaPayne School through the 8th grade where he was given the name "Apples" because he carried apples in his pockets for lunch.

Arthur Spingarn, an ally of African America

Arthur Spingarn

*On this date in 1878 Arthur Spingarn was born. He was an Jewish American historian, lawyer and activist.

From New York City, in 1897 he was the younger brother of Joel Spingarn and received his A.B. degree from Columbia University in New York. In 1899, he received a M.A. from Columbia University, in 1900 his LL.B., from Columbia University and practiced law until the 1960s in New York. From 1917-1919, he was a Captain in the Sanitation Corps, American Expeditionary Force, United States Army. In 1919, he married Marion Meyer.

Joel Spingarn, an ally of African America

Joel Spingarn

Joel Elias Spingarn, a Jewish American educator, literary critic, and activist, was born on this date in 1875 in New York City.

He was the older brother of Arthur Spingarn and a professor of comparative literature at Columbia University from 1899 to 1911. He also served in the US Army in World War I as a Colonel. In 1919, he was a co-founder of the publishing firm of Harcourt, Brace and Company. Spingarn was a liberal who helped settle a dispute between W.E.B. DuBois and the followers of Booker T. ashington.