This category includes blacks in finance, engineers, journalist, architects, inventors or own companies; work in corporate settlings and more.

Baltimore Afro-American newspaper founded

*On this date in 1892, the first issue of the Baltimore Afro-American newspaper hit the streets. This black owned and operated newspaper has crusaded for racial equality and economic advancement for African- Americans for more than a century.

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Ethel L. Payne, the First Lady of the Black Press

Ethel Payne

*Ethel Lois Payne was born on this date in 1911. She was an African American Journalist, publisher, civil rights leader, and educator; often called the "First Lady of the Black Press."

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From slavery to entrepreneur, Biddy Mason

Biddy Mason

*On this date in 1818, Bridget "Biddy" Mason was born. She was a once illiterate Black slave woman who worked as a nurse/midwife and then walked from Mississippi to California to become a successful entrepreneur and a generous contributor to social causes.

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Atlanta Daily World founded

*This date marks the founding of the Atlanta Daily World.

William Alexander Scott II, age 26, founded the company, the first successful African American daily newspaper in the United States.

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Cecil Newman, a Minnesota legend in journalism

Cecil Newman

Cecil Newman was born on this date in 1903. He was an African American newspaper publisher and businessman.

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The Champ patents a wrench

Blueprint (copy)

On this date in 1922, Jack Johnson, the world's first African American heavyweight boxing champion, patented a wrench; (U. S. patent#1,413,121).

1001 things everyone should know about African American History
by Jeffery C. Stewart,
Copyright 1996, DoubleDay
ISBN 0-385-47309-5

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Folding bed patented

Blueprint (copy)

On this date in 1899, African American Leonard C. Bailey patented the folding bed.

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Mail Stop USPTO Contact Center
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313

Global Black Inventors

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Gertrude Mossell was a journalist & educator

Gertrude Mossell

Gertrude Mossell was born on this date in 1855. She was a Black feminist journalist and educator.

She was born in Philadelphia, and worked as a teacher for several years before becoming a journalist in the early 1870s. She wrote columns and articles for many black newspapers including the Indianapolis World, the Philadelphia Echo, the Richmond Rankin Institute, Our Women and Children, and Woman's Era. She also wrote for white newspapers and magazines such as the Ladies Home Journal, The Philadelphia Times, the Philadelphia Inquirer, and the Philadelphia Press.

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Civil Rights leader and businessman, M. Carl Holman

M. Carl

On this date in 1918, M. Carl Holman was born. He was an African American civil rights leader and president of the National Urban Coalition (1971-88) who promoted the need for a mutual partnership between industry and government to foster inner-city development.

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Professionalism in television news; Ed Bradley

Ed Bradley

Ed Bradley, an African American journalist, was born on this date in 1941.

Born in Philadelphia, Bradley grew up in a single-parent household and learned the value of hard work from his mother. Bradley once recalled that his parents worked 20-hour days at two jobs apiece. "I was told, 'You can be anything you want, kid,'" he once told an interviewer. "When you hear that often enough, you believe it."

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