Business

This category includes blacks in finance, engineers, journalist, architects, inventors or own companies; work in corporate settlings and more.

Chuck Stone, journalist of excellence


Chuck Stone

Chuck Stone was born on this date in 1924. He is an African American newspaper editor, columnist, and professor of journalism and an activist.

Charles Sumner Stone is from St. Louis, Missouri. His father was business manager for Annie Malone's Poro College, and his mother, Madeline M. Chafin Stone, was the payroll officer for the Hartford Board of Education. Raised in Hartford, Connecticut, Stone attended Arsenal Elementary School and Bernard Junior High School, and he graduated with honors from Hartford Public High School as "class prophet" in 1942.

Stan O'Neal, financial wisdom


Stan O'Neal

Stanley O'Neal was born on this date in 1951. He is an African American businessman, administrator, and entrepreneur.

He was born in Roanoke, AL, and the son of a farmer and the grandson of a former slave. He lived with his father, mother, sister, and two brothers, and grew up in the tiny rural farming community of Wedowee. His mother worked as a “domestic,” cleaning houses.

Sarah Bickford, from slave to owner of a water company

Sarah Gammon Bickford was born on Christmas Day, 1855. She was a Black chambermaid who became an administrator and entrepreneur.

She was born a slave on the Blair Plantation near Greensboro, North Carolina. After the Civil War she lived with an aunt in Knoxville, TN, and changed her last name to her aunt’s name, Gammon. In 1870, Knoxville Judge John L. Murphy was appointed to a judicial post in Virginia City, Montana Territory, and Sarah, at the age of 15, was offered a job caring for the Murphy children. The family arrived in Virginia City, Montana in January 1871.

Joseph B. Bass was born to be a journalist


Joseph Bass

*Joseph Bass was born on this date in 1863. He was an African American teacher, businessman and newspaper editor.

From Jefferson City, Missouri, Joseph Blackburn Bass taught school for seven years but in 1894, William Pope, editor of the Topeka Call offered him the job of newspaperman. In 1896, Pope died, and Joseph Bass became owner, publisher, and editor. In 1898, Nick Chiles purchased the newspaper and changed the name to The Topeka Plaindealer. J.B. Bass worked as Chile's associate until 1905 when he moved to Helena, Montana to establish The Montana Plaindealer.

Inez Baskin, a sterling journalist


Inez Baskin

Inez J. Baskin, an African American journalist and civil rights activist, was born on this date in 1916.

Born in Florala, AL., she was the only child of parents who stressed the importance of education. Baskins earned a degree in education from what is now Alabama State University, became a licensed social worker, and then earned a degree in divinity from Selma University.

Gwen Ifill, a skilled news journalist and moderator


Gwen Ifill

Gwen Ifill was born on this date in 1955. She was an African American journalist.

She was born in Queens, New York City, the daughter of O. Urcille Ifill, Sr., a Methodist preacher, and Eleanor IFill. She has a sister and brother, Maria Ifill Philip and Roberto. In 1977, she graduated from Simmons College in Boston, where she majored in communications. Through an internship, she got her first hands-on experience as a journalist.

The Liberator Magazine hits the streets

On this date in 2002, the first issue of The Liberator Magazine was published. This is an African American internet and print publication.

Arthur Winston, a tireless worker


Arthur Winston

*Arthur Winston was born on this date in 1906. He was an African American custodian and a Los Angeles Metro employee for 72 years.

Born and raised in Oklahoma before it became a state, Winston began picking cotton when he was 10. But several harvests were lost to droughts and storms, forcing the family to head west when he was 12 years old. He graduated from LA's Jefferson High School in 1922. Winston’s hourly salary was 41 cents an hour when he began work for the Pacific Electric Railway Co. in 1924.

Winners never quit, Christopher Gardner


Christopher Gardner

*Christopher Gardner was born on this date in 1954. He is an African American stock broker, businessman and entrepreneur.

Gerald Boyd, journalist with a heart


Gerald Boyd

*Gerald Boyd was born on this date in 1950. He was an African American journalist and editor.

From St. Louis, his mother, who had sickle cell anemia, died when he was very young. His father was a delivery truck driver and an alcoholic, moved to New York and played little role in his childhood. Boyd and his older brother, Gary, were raised by their paternal grandmother, who was also raising their two cousins. Their younger sister, Ruth, was raised by their maternal grandmother in California.