Episode

Events in the American Black experience that include people, places, items, and timelines.

Memphis Riot occurrs

*The Memphis riot occurred on this date in 1866. It was a race riot that lasted for three days and resulted in the deaths of forty-six Blacks and two Whites. A Joint Congressional Committee reported seventy-five persons injured, one hundred persons robbed, five women raped, ninety-one homes burned, four churches and eight schools burned and destroyed, and seventeen thousand dollars in federal property destroyed. Hundreds of Blacks were jailed, and almost all other freedmen fled town until the disturbance ended.

White Cop shoots unarmed Black man in the back

*On this date in 2015 an American White police officer killed another unarmed Black man.

The Clinton 12 desegregate Tennessee schools

*On this date in 1956, the Clinton 12 broke the color barrier in K-12 education in the American South.

That day, twelve young African American students walked into history in Clinton, TN. They were the first students to desegregate a state-supported high school in the south.

The Clinton 12 were, Maurice Soles, Anna Theresser Caswell, Alfred Williams, Regina Turner Smith, William R. Latham, Gail Ann Epps Upton, Ronald Gordon "Poochie" Hayden, JoAnn Crozier Allen Boyce, Robert Thacker, Bobby Cain, Minnie Ann Dickey Jones and Alvah McSwain.

Nashville Sit-In's begin

*On this date in 1960, the Nashville sit-ins occurred. This was part of a nonviolent direct action campaign to end racial segregation at lunch counters in downtown Nashville, Tennessee.

The Friendship 9 case overturned


Friendship nine, 1961

*On this date in 2015, the convictions of nine South Carolina Black men who integrated a whites-only lunch counter in 1961 were overturned.

Organization of Afro-American Unity formed

*On this date in 1964, Malcolm X announced the establishment of the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) at a public meeting in New York's Audubon Ballroom.

Jena Six convicted

*On this date in 2006, the Jena Six were convicted. They were six African American teenagers accused and convicted in the beating of Justin Barker, a white student at Jena High School in Jena, Louisiana. Barker was injured in the assault by the members of the Jena Six, and received treatment for his injuries at an emergency room.

While the case was pending, some media commentators cited it as an example of racial injustice in the United States, due to a belief that the defendants had initially been charged with too-serious offenses and had been treated unfairly.

MLK Jr. Memorial dedicated

*On this date in 2011, the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial was dedicated. It is located in West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C., southwest of the National Mall (but within the larger area commonly referred to as the "National Mall").

New Orlean General Strike occurrs


Port of New Orleans, 1892

*On this date in 1892, the New Orleans general strike occurred. This was a general strike that began despite appeals to racial hatred and Black and White workers remained united. The general strike ended on November 12, with unions gaining most of their original demands. Early that year, streetcar conductors in New Orleans won a shorter workday and the preferential closed shop. This victory drove many New Orleans workers to seek assistance from the American Federation of Labor (AFL).