Literature

Blacks who influence the written word, novelist, poets, playwrights, etc.

Roi Ottley was an outstanding writer


Roi Ottley

*Roi Ottley was born on this date in 1906. He was an African American writer, and journalist.

Born in New York City, Vincent Lushington "Roi" Ottley was the second of three children of Jerome Peter and Beatrice Brisbane Ottley immigrated to New York from the island of Grenada. Young Ottley was educated at St. Bonaventure College (1926-1928), University of Michigan (1929), and St. John's Law School (Brooklyn, New York).

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René Maran was a great French writer


Rene` Maran

*René Maran was born on this date in 1887. He was a Black French journalist, and the first black writer to win the renowned French literary prize, the Prix Goncourt.

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Frank Collymore, a legend in Barbados


Frank Collymore

*Frank Collymore was born on this date in 1893. He was a Afro Barbadian teacher, author, poet, stage actor and painter, whose nickname was "Barbadian Man of the Arts".

Frank Appleton Collymore was born at Woodville Cottage, Chelsea Road (where he lived all his life). Collymore was close to his parents; he was a single child, for whom reading was a passion.

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Writer, Carrie Best born


Carrie Best

*Carrie Best was born on this date in 1903. She was a Black Canadian writer, publisher and activist.

From New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, she graduated from high school in the 1920's after which she married her husband Albert Best. Together they had three children, a son Calbert and two girls Sharyn and Berma. Best was extremely involved in the community, raising awareness about human rights issues.

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Cherry Muhanji, poet and educator


Cherry Muhanji

*Cherry Muhanji was born this date in 1939. She is an African American poet and writer.

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Effie Smith, educator and poet


Effie W. Smith

*Effie Waller Smith was born on this date in 1879. She was an African American educator and poet.

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James M. Bell, poet and abolitionist


James Madison Bell

*On this date in 1826 James Bell was born. He was a Black poet, laborer and abolitionist.

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Rodolphe Desdunes fought segregation


Rodolphe Desdunes

*Rodolphe Desdunes was born on this date in 1849. He was an African American civic leader, author and scholar.

Rodolphe Lucien Desdunes spent much of his professional life as a clerk with the U.S. Customs Service, but his contribution to history lies in his efforts to promote the achievements of his Blacks and to challenge the legality of Jim Crow laws. On September 5, 1891, he helped to organize the Comite des Citoyens, which backed Homer Plessy's unsuccessful attempt to challenge segregation in public transportation.

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Carrie Williams Clifford wrote for freedom


Carrie Williams Clifford

*The birth of Carrie Williams Clifford in 1862 is celebrated on this date. She was an Black writer, editor and activist.

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Fenton Johnson, a Chicago Poet


Fenton Johnson

*The birth of Fenton Johnson in 1888 is marked on this date. He was an African American poet and writer.

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