Blacks who influence the written word, novelist, poets, playwrights, etc.

Effie Smith, educator and poet

Effie W. Smith

*Effie Waller Smith was born on this date in 1879. She was an African American educator and poet.

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James M. Bell, poet and abolitionist

James Madison Bell

*On this date in 1826 James Bell was born. He was a Black poet, laborer and abolitionist.

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Rodolphe Desdunes fought segregation

Rodolphe Desdunes

*Rodolphe Desdunes was born on this date in 1849. He was an African American civic leader, author and scholar.

Rodolphe Lucien Desdunes spent much of his professional life as a clerk with the U.S. Customs Service, but his contribution to history lies in his efforts to promote the achievements of his Blacks and to challenge the legality of Jim Crow laws. On September 5, 1891, he helped to organize the Comite des Citoyens, which backed Homer Plessy's unsuccessful attempt to challenge segregation in public transportation.

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Carrie Williams Clifford wrote for freedom

Carrie Williams Clifford

*The birth of Carrie Williams Clifford in 1862 is celebrated on this date. She was an Black writer, editor and activist.

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Fenton Johnson, a Chicago Poet

Fenton Johnson

*The birth of Fenton Johnson in 1888 is marked on this date. He was an African American poet and writer.

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Effie Newsome, an awsome childrens poet

*Effie Lee Newsome was born on this date in 1885. She was a African American writer and poet.

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Waring Cuney, poet of the Harlem Rennissance

Waring Cuney

*Waring Cuney was born on this date in 1906. He was an African American poet and composer.

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A man of many talents, Frank Horne

Frank Smith Horne

*Frank Horne was born on this date in 1899. He was an African American optometrist, administrator and poet.

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Author Harriet Wilson born

Harriet Wilson Monument

*Harriet Wilson was born on this date in1825. She was a Black slave and author.

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Thomas Dixon Jr., segregationist and author

Thomas Dixon Jr.

*The birth of Thomas Dixon is marked on this date in 1864. He was a White American novelist, segregationist and minister.

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