Composers, musicians, and singers who have contributed to this Black genre.

Charlie Pride born

Charlie Pride

*Charley Pride was born on this date in 1934. He is an African American country music singer, musician and business owner.

The Village Vanguard opens

*On this date in 1935, the Village Vanguard opened. This was a pivotal cultural music location for the 20th century African American Jazz scene and remains open.

It is a jazz club, located at 178 Seventh Avenue South (just below West 11th St.) in New York City. It was founded by Max Gordon and is now run by his wife, Lorraine Gordon. At first it also featured other forms of music such as folk music and beat poetry, but it has been known as the home of live jazz since it switched to an all-jazz policy in 1957.

Harolyn Blackwell born

Harolyn Blackwell

*Harolyn Blackwell was born on this fate in 1955. She is an African American lyric coloratura soprano and educator.

Al Jarreau born

Al Jarreau

*Al Jarreau was born on this date in 1940. He was an African American singer and musician.

Evelyn White born

Evelyn White

*Evelyn White was born on this date in 1921. She was an African American vocalist, choral instructor, author and educator.

Saxophonist Percey Hughes born

Percy Hughes

*Percy Hughes was born on this date in 1922. He was an African American Musician Postal worker and amateur tennis player.

Natalie Cole born

Natalie Cole

*Natalie Cole was born on this date in 1950. She was an African American singer, songwriter, and performer.

Walter Loving born

Walter Howard Loving

*Walter Loving was born on this date in 1872. He was an African American soldier and musician most noted for his leadership of the Philippine Constabulary Band.

Allen Toussaint born

Allen Toussaint

*Allen Toussaint was born on this date in 1937. He was an African American singer, musician and composer.

From New Orleans, LA Allen Richard Toussaint was drawn to the piano as early as the age of 6, after his aunt sent an old upright to his family’s house for his sister to study on. He quickly made sense of the instrument and began to experiment with everything from Ray Charles to Liberace.

Violinist Joseph Douglass born

Joseph Douglass

*Joseph Douglass was born on this date in 1869. He was an African American violinist and composer.

The grandson of Frederick Douglass he was born in the Anacostia area of Washington D.C. to Charles and Mary Elizabeth Douglass, their second child and only that would live to adulthood. Following in the path of his famous grandfather and father, Joseph took up the violin at a young age, receiving classical training at the New England Conservatory for five years and later the Boston Conservatory.