Composers, musicians, and singers who have contributed to this Black genre.

Doris Hines, singer born

Doris Hines

*Doris Hines was born on this date in 1923. She was an African American singer and impersonator.

Bassist Henry Grimes born

Henry Grimes

*Henry Grimes was born on this date in 1935. He is an African American musician and poet.

Susana Baca born

Susana Baca

*Susana Baca was born on this date in 1944. She is an African Peruvian singer and songwriter.

India Arie born

India Arie

*India Arie was born on this date in 1975. She is an African American singer, musician, and songwriter.

Ben E. King, singer born

Ben E. King

*Ben E. King was born on this date in 1938. He was an African American Singer.

Andrae Crouch born

Andrae Crouch

*Andraé Crouch was born on this date in 1942. He was an African American gospel singer, songwriter, arranger, recording artist, record producer, and pastor.

Born in San Francisco, California, Andraé Edward Crouch along with his twin sister, Sandra were children to Benjamin and Catherine (neé Hodnett) Crouch. When he was young, Crouch's parents owned and operated Crouch Cleaners, a dry-cleaning business, a restaurant, a street ministry, and hospital and prison ministry in Los Angeles, California.

Entertainer, Rihanna born


*Rihanna was born on on this date in1988. She is a Black Barbadian American entertainer.

Robyn Rihanna Fenty was born in the St. Michael parish in Barbados to Monica (Braithwaite), an accountant, and Ronald Fenty, a warehouse supervisor. Her mother is of Afro-Guyanese descent and her father has Afro-Barbadian and English/Irish/Scottish ancestry (known as "Redlegs" in the Caribbean). Rihanna lived the life of a normal island girl going to Combermere, a top sixth form school. Rihanna won numerous beauty pageants and performed Mariah Carey "Hero" in a school talent show.

Shirley Bassey, singer born

Shirley Bassey

*Shirley Bassey was born on this date in 1937. She is a Black British singer.

Freddie Hubbard, Trumpeter born

Freddie Hubbard

*Freddie Hubbard was born on this date in 1938. He was an African American jazz musician.

From Indianapolis, IN. He started playing the mellophone and trumpet in his school band at Arsenal Technical High School in Indianapolis, Indiana. Trumpeter Lee Katzman, former sideman with Stan Kenton, recommended that he begin studying at the Arthur Jordan Conservatory of Music (now the Jordan College of the Arts at Butler University) with Max Woodbury, the principal trumpeter of the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra.

Jazzman Marshal Royal born

Marshal Royal

*Marshal Royal was born on this date in 1912. He was an African American jazz musician.

From Sapulpa, Oklahoma he was raised in Los Angeles. His mother, his father and his uncle had a pre-World War I group called the Royal Family Orchestra. His father was a Music teacher and bandleader, his mother played piano, and his brother Ernie is a well-known jazz trumpeter. In 1925, young Marshal joined up on violin. From the 1930's through the seventies he performed with Lionel Hampton, Earl Hines, and Duke Ellington besides his time with Basie.