Politics/Law/Military

Those who shape Black history as elected officials, the military, lawyers, judges, and more.

Henry Lincoln Johnson born


Henry L. Johnson

*Henry Johnson was born on this date in 1892. He was a decorated African American soldier in WW1.

Needham Roberts born


Needham Roberts

*Needham Roberts was born on this date in 1901. He was a decorated African American World War I US Army Soldier.

From Trenton, NJ., Needham Roberts was the son of a pastor. In 1917, he left his job as a drugstore clerk to enlist in the Army and serve his county. He was 15 or 16 years old at the time. He lied to the recruiter and told him he was 19 so he could join. He was assigned to the New York Fifteenth Infantry, which later became the 369th Infantry ("Harlem's Hellfighters"). He was sent to France with his regiment where they were put under the control of the French Army.

Norman Rice, public policy advocate


Norman B. Rice

*Norman Rice was born on this date in 1943. He is an African American politician, administrator and community activist.

Alexander Tureaud, Lawyer born


Alexander Tureaud Sr.

*Alexander Tureaud was born on this date in 1899. He was an African American Attorney and civil rights leader.

Alexander Pierre Tureaud, Sr. grew up at 907 Kerlerac Street, one block below Esplanade, at the bend of Dauphine in New Orleans' Seventh Ward, known as the black Creole community. His father, Louis Tureaud, was a carpenter/contractor and his mother Eugenia was a housewife and part-time domestic. There were eleven children, six boys and five girls. The family attended St. Augustine Catholic Church.

Takao Ozawa v. United States ruled


Takao Ozawa

*On this date in 1922, the United States Supreme Court ruled on Takao Ozawa v. United States that Asian Americans are not white.

United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind ruled


Bhagat Singh Thind & wife

*On this date in 1923, United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind ruled that Indians from India were not white in America.

Leonard Harmon born


Leonard Harmon

*Leonard Harmon was born on this date in 1917. He was an African American sailor who died in action during World War II and was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross for his valor.

Confederate Icon Robert E. Lee born


Robert E. Lee

*Robert E. Lee was born on this date in 1807. He was a white American soldier known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865.

Douglas Wilder born


Douglas Wilder

*Douglas Wilder was born on this date in 1931. He is an African American lawyer, professor and politician.

Black Creek Silas Jefferson born


Silas Jefferson

*The birth of Silas Jefferson in 1835 is celebrated on this date. He was an African, Native soldier and politican of the Creek Tribe in America.

Born at Taskigi Town (or Tuskegee) in the Old Creek Nation. His parents were Betsey and Jeffery Manac (McNac).  Also known as Ho-tul-ko-micco "Wind Clan chief", Jefferson migrated with his parents to the Creek lands in the Indian Territory in 1838. During the Civil War he enlisted in the First Indian Home Guard Regiment (Co. I).