Those who shape Black history as elected officials, the military, lawyers, judges, and more.

Demetrius Newton born

Demetrius Newton

*Demetrius Newton was born on this date in 1928. He was a politician and civil rights lawyer.

Newton, a native of Fairfield, Ala. and was a graduate of Fairfield Industrial H.S. Newton then graduated from Wilberforce University in Ohio and Boston University’s law school. After he graduated from law school, Newton served in the United States Army's 325th Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division during the Korean War. After his service in the military, Newton moved to Birmingham, Alabama, where he worked as a civil rights attorney.

Claude Lightfoot, political activist born

Claude Lightfoot

*The birth of Claude M. Lightfoot 1910 in celebrated on this date. He was an African American activist, politician, and author.

Bass Reeves, a19th Century U.S. Marshall

Bass Reeves

*The birth of Bass Reeves is celebrated on this date in1838. He was a Black farmer and was one of the first African Americans to receive a commission as a Deputy U.S. Marshal west of the Mississippi River.

Walter Morris, paratrooper born

Walter Morris, 1943

*Walter Morris was born on this date in 1921. He was an African American Paratrooper and Brick Mason Supervisor.

Juan Garrido, early Black explorer born

Juan Girrado

*The birth of Juan Garrido in 1487 is celebrated on this date. He was a Black African Spanish conquistador.

Oliver Law, American Military Hero

Oliver Law

*Oliver Law was born on this date in 1900. He was an African American soldier and military leader. He was the first Black man to lead an integrated military force in the history of the United States.

C. DeLores Tucker born

c. Delores Tucker

*C. DeLores Tucker was born on this date in 1927. She was an African American politician and civil rights activist. Born in Philadelphia to a minister and a "Christian feminist mother, Cynthia DeLores Nottage was the tenth of eleven children.

Clifford Durr born

Clifford Durr

*The birth of Clifford Durr in 1899 is marked on this date. He was a White American lawyer.

America's first Black Lawyer, Macon B. Allen

Macon B. Allen

*Macon Bolling Allen was born on this date in 1816. He was a Black teacher, lawyer and judge.

From Indiana, born Allen Macon Bolling, he grew up free man. He learned to read and write on his own and eventually landed his first a job as a schoolteacher, where he further improved his reading and writing skills. Allen moved to Portland, Maine in the early 1840s and studied law and worked as a law clerk for General Samuel Fessenden, a local abolitionist and attorney.

7th Regiement Colored Infantry formed

*On this date in 1863, the 7th Regiment Colored Infantry of the Union Army began American Civil War service.