Those who shape Black history as elected officials, the military, lawyers, judges, and more.

A first for Louisiana's Bench, Israel Augustine Jr.

Israel Augustine Jr. Middle School

*Israel Meyer Augustine, Jr. was born on this date in 1924. He was an African American lawyer, activist and judge. From New Orleans, he was a graduate of McDonough 35 High School; he also received a B. A. from Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He obtained his law degree from Lincoln University in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1951, he was admitted to the Louisiana Bar and in 1962, he was allowed to practice before the Supreme Court.

Delaware's son, Herman Holloway Sr.

Herman Holloway Sr.

*On this date in 1922, Herman M. Holloway, Sr. was born. He was an African American politician and community activist.

The son of William and Hennie Holloway, young Holloway grew up in Wilmington attending parochial and public schools. As an athlete, he excelled in basketball and football at the all Black Howard High School, the only Black secondary school in Delaware at the time. Following graduation from high school, he attended Hampton Institute for one year.

Henry Flipper pardoned

*On this date in 1999 President Bill Clinton posthumously pardoned Second Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper.

England's first Black Queen, Sophie Charlotte born

Queen Charlotte of England

*Princess Sophie Charlotte was born on this date in 1744. She was the first Black Queen of England.

The First Michigan Colored Regiment formed

Presentation of colors
1st Michigan Infantry

*On this date in 1863, the First Michigan Colored Regiment was organized.

Raised at Camp Ward, these troops were paid no bounty, received ten dollars per month, one ration per day, and three dollars of monthly pay was deducted for clothing, and white officers commanded the troops. Under this order the Regiment known originally as the First Regiment of Colored Infantry, afterwards its designation changed to the 102nd. United States Colored Troops was commenced on August 12th 1863 with 895 men on its roll.

Arthur Chaskalson disarmed Aparthied

Arthur Chaskalson

*Arthur Chaskalson was born on this date in 1931. He was a Jewish African lawyer, judge and anti-apartheid activist. Born in Johannesburg he came from a modest background, his father was a Lithuanian immigrant who died when he was 5 years old. Despite their tight finances, his mother sent him to two elite private schools, Pridwin and Hilton.

Admiral Lillian Fishburne born

Rear Admiral Lillian Fishburne

*Lillian Fishburne was born on this date in 1949. She is an African American Rear Admiral (RADM) and Administrator.

John Cheatham, an early Fireman

John Cheatham

*John Cheatham was born on this date in 1855. He was a Black Pullman Porter and Minnesota Fireman.

Born into slavery in St. Louis, Missouri he was freed on January 1, 1863, when the Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. Shortly afterwards, his family moved to Minneapolis where he attended school. After graduation he held a number of jobs, including porter and church sexton.

A first for West Point, Roscoe Robinson

Roscoe Robinson

*Roscoe Robinson, Jr. was born on this date in 1928. He was a pioneering African American Army commander, engineer and administrator.

Montford Point Marines Honored

*On this date in 2012 Hundreds of African-American veterans who helped to integrate the Marine Corps during World War II received the nation's highest civilian honor.