Politics/Law/Military

Those who shape Black history as elected officials, the military, lawyers, judges, and more.

John Archer pioneered black politics in England


John Archer

*John Archer was born on this date in 1863. He was a Black British lawyer, and politician.

America's first Black woman general, Hazel Johnson Brown


Hazel Johnson
Brown (1979)

*Hazel Johnson Brown was born on this date in 1927. She was an African American nurse and the first black woman General in the United States Army.

Frank Petersen, Marine Corps pioneer


Frank E. Petersen Jr.

*Frank E. Petersen, Jr. was born on this date in 1932. He is an African American Marine Corps pilot and officer (retired) and is a lecturer and administrator

Dorsie Willis, a Brownsville survivor


Dorsie Willis

*Dorsie Willis was born on this date in 1886. He was an African American soldier, and activist.

Marc Morial, a southern fixture


Marc Morial

*Marc Morial was born on this date in 1958. He is an African American administrator, politician, civic leader and lawyer.

Marc Morial grew up in New Orleans, in the 7th ward. He is the son of Ernest N. Morial, New Orleans' first African-American mayor, and Sybil (Haydel) Morial, teacher. He is the second of five children. Morial graduated from Jesuit High School in 1976 and received a bachelor's degree in economics at the University of Pennsylvania in 1980. After this he earned a J.D. degree in 1983 from Georgetown University.

Charles Trowbridge, officer and gentleman


Charles Trowbridge

*Charles Trowbridge was born on this date in 1835. He was a White American soldier, abolitionist, and politician.

Charles Tyler Trowbridge was from Morristown, New Jersey in an area known as Trowbridge Mountain. He was third of seven children born to Elijah Freeman Trowbridge and Temperance Ludlow Muchmore. His family moved to Brooklyn, New York in 1854. In 1857 he married Emeline Haviland Jackson at Freehold, New Jersey. They had one child, Ida Emeline Trowbridge who died in 1858.

Clara Adams-Ender, Army trailblazer


Clara Adams-Ender

*Clara Adams-Ender was born on this date in 1939.  She is an African American U.S. Army General, Nursing advocate and author.

She was born in Willow Springs, North Carolina the fourth child of ten and grew up in a family of sharecroppers.   Her parents were Caretha Bell Sapp Leach and Otha Leach.  She attended North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University earning her B.S. degree in nursing in 1961. After that Adams-Ender joined the U.S. Army Nurse Corps.

Ken Wofford, Tuskegee Airman


Kenneth O. Wofford Sr.

*Kenneth Wofford Sr. was born on this date in 1922. He was an African American administrator and former Tuskegee Airman.

George Boyer Vashon had many talents


George Boyer Vashon

*George Boyer Vashon was born on this date in 1824.  He was a Black educator, lawyer and abolitionist.

From Carlile, Pennsylvania, he was the son of John Baton Vashon, a mulatto, and Anne Vashon. George’s father, John Bathan Vashon, was a well respected leader in Pittsburgh’s Black community, a businessman, and an abolitionist.  Vashon’s father was also instrumental in establishing the first school for Blacks in Pittsburgh.  He attended his father's private school until 1837, then a public school where he displayed an aptitude for languages.

Lawyer and Activist, Scipio Jones


Scipio A. Jones

*The birth of Scipio Jones on August 28, 1863 is celebrated on this date. He was an African American attorney and activist at the end of the nineteenth century and during the first decades of the twentieth century.