Ministers, bishops, priest, etc. men, women, institutions, and organizations of spirituality in America through the Black experience.

Richard Allen, Bishop, AME's first leader

Richard Allen

*On this date in 1760, Richard Allen was born in Philadelphia. He was a Black religious leader, founder and first bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church.

Amanda Smith, missionary with a quest

Amanda Smith

*Amanda Smith was born on this date in 1837. She was a Black evangelist and missionary who opened an orphanage for African-American girls.

Born a slave in Long Green, Md., she grew up in York County, Pennsylvania, after her father bought the freedom of most of the family. Smith was educated mainly at home and at an early age began working as a domestic. An unhappy first marriage ended with the disappearance of her husband in the American Civil War. In 1863 she married James Smith and eventually moved with him to New York City.

From slavery to bishop, James Varick

James Varick

The birth of James Varick in 1750 is celebrated on this date. He was the first Black Methodist Episcopal Zion Bishop in America.

The seventh day of Kwanzaa

The ankh symbol

This date is the seventh and last day of Kwanzaa. The name Kwanzaa comes from the Swahili phrase "matunda ya kwanza," meaning "first fruits" or first harvest. Kwanzaa is a Swahili word for this African-American and Pan-African holiday. The use of Swahili, an East African language and the most widely spoken African language, denotes this holiday as Pan-African.