Science/ Medicine

This category includes blacks in all sciences; medicine, technology, health, physics, psychology, agronomy, environment, research and more.

Elijah McCoy, inventor of quality products


Elijah McCoy

Elijah J. McCoy was born on this date in 1843. He was an African American inventor and his work may have been the beginning of the phrase the "Real McCoy."

Chicago's Provident Hospital opens


Provident Hospital

*On this date in 1891, Provident Hospital and Training School opened. This was the first Black controlled hospital in America, and it opened on the south side of Chicago.

The first Black medical society founded

On this date in 1884, The Medico-Chirurgical Society of Washington D.C. was founded. It was the first African American medical society.

An early pioneer in medicine, May Chinn


May Chinn

On this date in 1896, May Chinn was born. She was an African American physician.

Science pioneer, Dr. Percy L. Julian


Dr. Percy L. Julian

Dr. Percy Lavon Julian was born on this date in 1899. This African American research chemist was a pioneer in the chemical synthesis of drugs used in medicine.

Helen O. Dickens pioneered in medicine


Dr. Helen Dickens

*Dr. Helen Octavia Dickens was born on this date in 1909. She was a doctor, professor of obstetrics and gynecology and former associate dean of medicine.

Surgeon Daniel Hale Williams was born


Daniel H. Williams

Daniel Hale Williams was born on this date in 1858. He was an African American physician and surgical pioneer who performed the first successful open-heart surgery

Born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, Williams worked his way through Janesville Classical Academy as a barber and bass violinist. In 1893, he received a medical degree from Chicago Medical College, now part of Northwestern University. While still a medical student, Williams founded Provident Hospital, the first Chicago hospital with Blacks on staff.

Vivien Thomas, helped advance surgery and blood plasma treatment


Vivien T. Thomas

Vivien Theodore Thomas was born on this date in 1910. He was an African American supervisor of Surgical Research Laboratories.

Georgia E.P. Washington, doctor born


Georgia Patton

On this date in 1864, Georgia E. Patton Washington was born. She was the first Black woman licensed as a physician and surgeon in the state of Tennessee, and one of the first Black-American medical missionaries in Africa.