Science/ Medicine

This category includes blacks in all sciences; medicine, technology, health, physics, psychology, agronomy, environment, research and more.

Chicago's Provident Hospital opens

Provident Hospital

*On this date in 1891, Provident Hospital and Training School opened. This was the first Black controlled hospital in America, and it opened on the south side of Chicago.

Sprinkler patented

Sprinkler (blueprint)

On this date in 1897, African American inventor Joseph H. Smith patented the sprinkler.

This African-American inventors Patent No. is #581.785.

Created Equal The Lives and Ideas of Black American Innovators
By James Michael Brodie
Copyright 1993, by Bill Adler Books, Inc.
William Morrow and Co. Inc., New York
ISBN 0-688-11536-5

Global Black Inventors

The first Black medical society founded

On this date in 1884, The Medico-Chirurgical Society of Washington D.C. was founded. It was the first African American medical society.

An early pioneer in medicine, May Chinn

May Chinn

On this date in 1896, May Chinn was born. She was an African American physician.

Science pioneer, Dr. Percy L. Julian

Dr. Percy L. Julian

Dr. Percy Lavon Julian was born on this date in 1899. This African American research chemist was a pioneer in the chemical synthesis of drugs used in medicine.

Helen O. Dickens pioneered in medicine

Dr. Helen Dickens

*Dr. Helen Octavia Dickens was born on this date in 1909. She was a doctor, professor of obstetrics and gynecology and former associate dean of medicine.

Surgeon Daniel Hale Williams was born

Daniel H. Williams

Daniel Hale Williams was born on this date in 1858. He was an African American physician and surgical pioneer who performed the first successful open-heart surgery

Born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, Williams worked his way through Janesville Classical Academy as a barber and bass violinist. In 1893, he received a medical degree from Chicago Medical College, now part of Northwestern University. While still a medical student, Williams founded Provident Hospital, the first Chicago hospital with Blacks on staff.

Vivien Thomas, helped advance surgery and blood plasma treatment

Vivien T. Thomas

Vivien Theodore Thomas was born on this date in 1910. He was an African American supervisor of Surgical Research Laboratories.

Georgia E.P. Washington, doctor born

Georgia Patton

On this date in 1864, Georgia E. Patton Washington was born. She was the first Black woman licensed as a physician and surgeon in the state of Tennessee, and one of the first Black-American medical missionaries in Africa.