Science/ Medicine

This category includes blacks in all sciences; medicine, technology, health, physics, psychology, agronomy, environment, research and more.

St. Elmo Brady, a Master Chemist

St. Elmo Brady

*St. Elmo Brady was born on this date in 1884. He was an African American chemist.

Jewel Plummer Cobb, Biologist

Jewel Plummer Cobb

*Jewel Plummer Cobb was born on this date in 1924. She is an African American Educator and Research Scientist.

Mary Seacole saved many lives

Mary Seacole

*The birth of Mary Grant Seacole in 1805 is celebrated on this date. She was a Jamaican nurse and abolitionist.

Mary Jane Grant was born in Kingston, Jamaica; her father was a Scottish soldier, and her mother a Jamaican. Mary learned her nursing skills from her mother, who kept a boarding house for invalid soldiers. Although technically 'free', being of mixed race, Mary and her family had few civil rights - they could not vote, hold public office or enter the professions.

Major Spaulding was an early Agronomist

Major Spaulding

*Major Franklin Spaulding was born on this date in 1900. He was an African American Agronomist.

From Clarkston, North Carolina he received his B.A. from North Carolina State College and Cornell in 1925 and 1927. Spaulding earned his M.S. from Cornell in 1928. From 1928 to 1937 Spaulding taught Agronomy at North Carolina State. He earned his Ph.D from Massachusetts State University in 1935. Spaulding’s dissertation was “Factors influencing the rate of decomposition of Different Types of Plant Tissues in Soils and the Effects of Products on Plant Growth”.

Carl Fraction, a Minnesota chemist

Carl Fraction

Carl Fraction was born on this date in 1919. He was an African American microbiologist, scientist, and photographer.

Carl Harrison Fraction was born in St. Paul, MN, to James and Opal Fraction, one of six siblings. When he was young, the family moved to Iowa. Carl graduated from Des Moines North High School in 1937, where he played in the high school band.

Fraction enlisted in the Air Force and was discharged in 1945, but he later contracted tuberculosis. While in the Air Force, he learned photography.

Dr. Charles Watts gave help to the poor

Charles D. Watts

*Dr Charles Watts was born on this date in 1917. He was an African American physician, surgeon, and activist for the poor.

Henrietta Lacks, a contributor to humanity

Henrietta Lacks

*Henrietta Lacks was born on this date in 1920. She was an African American housewife, mother and the involuntary donor of cells from her cancerous tumor, which were cultured to create an immortal cell line for medical research. This is now known as the HeLa cell line.

Black psychologists create their own association, ABPSi

On this date in 1968, the Registry celebrates the founding of the Association of Black Psychologists (ABPSi).

A group of black psychologists from across the country Started it in San Francisco. ABPSi united to address the problems facing black psychologists and the larger black community. Led by the principle of self determination, these psychologists built an organization to address the long-neglected needs of black professionals. Their goal was to have a positive effect upon the mental health of the larger black community through planning, programs, services, training, and advocacy.

Homer Harris, one of Seattle's finest

Homer Harris

*Homer Harris was born on this date 1916. He was an African American physician and athlete.

David Blackwell fell in love with mathematics

David Blackwell

David Blackwell was born on this date in 1919. He was an African American mathematician and professor.

David Harold Blackwell grew up in Centralia, Illinois, a town on the "Mason-Dixon Line." He was raised in a family which expected and supported working hard. As a schoolboy, Blackwell did not care for algebra and trigonometry.