Science/ Medicine

This category includes blacks in all sciences; medicine, technology, health, physics, psychology, agronomy, environment, research and more.

Dr. Maurice Rabb Jr., ophthalmologist born

Dr. Maurice Rabb Jr.

*Dr. Maurice F. Rabb Jr. was born on this date in 1932. He was an African American ophthalmologist, author and administrator.

Alexa Canady, first female and first Black resident in neurosurgery

Alexa I. Canady

On this date in 1950 Alexa Canady was born. She is an African American Neurosurgeon.

Canady was the first Woman and first African American to become a Neurosurgeon in America. From Lansing Michigan, Alexa Irene Canady is the daughter of Elizabeth Hortense (Golden) Canady and Clinton Canady Jr. Her father was a graduate of the School of Dentistry of Meharry Medical College, practicing in Lansing. Her mother was a graduate of Fiasco University was active for years in civic affairs of Lansing. She also served as national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.

Dr. Phillip Emeagwali born

Philip Emeagwali was born on this date 1954. He is a Nigerian computer scientist and internet pioneer.

He was raised in the town of Onitsha in Southeastern Nigeria. Called "Calculus" by his schoolmates, Emeagwali mastered the subject at age 14, and could out-calculate his instructors. He had to drop out of school because his family could not afford to send all eight children, but he continued studying on his own and got a general certificate of education from the University of London.

Albert Antoine, NASA scientist and chemistry teacher

Albert C. Antoine

Albert Cornelius Antoine was born on this date in 1925. He is an African American scientist and educator.

Samuel Massie, a genius and 20th century chemist and teacher

Samuel P. Massie

Samuel Massie, a brilliant African American chemist and teacher, was born on this date in 1919.

Samuel Kountz, a human healer from Arkansas

Samuel L. Kountz

*Samuel Kountz was born on this date in 1930. He was an African American doctor and kidney specialist.

From Lexa, Ark. the son of a Baptist minister, at the age of eight, young Kountz, decided to become a doctor. He failed the entrance exam at Arkansas AM&N College and then appealed to the college president, who gave him another chance. Kountz subsequently earned A's and B's.

"Soul Food" a brief history

*This dates Registry from 1492, offers a brief article on the origins of Soul food.

George Carruthers, a credit to his profession

George Carruthers

George R. Carruthers, an African American astrophysicist, was born on this date in 1939.

Carruthers grew up in Chicago and attended the University of Illinois, where he received a B.Sc. (1961) in aeronautical engineering, an M.Sc. (1962) in nuclear engineering and a Ph.D. (1964) in aeronautical and astronomical engineering. After graduation, Dr. Carruthers joined the rocket astronomy group at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) in Washington where his work focused on ultraviolet observations of the Earth's upper atmosphere and of astronomical phenomena.

Robert Robinson Taylor, architect and first black graduate of MIT

Robert R. Taylor

Robert R. Taylor, an African American architect, was born on this date in 1868.

Born in Wilmington, N.C., Robert Robinson Taylor came from a middle-class family. His father, Henry, was the son of a white slave owner and a Black mother. The elder Taylor had been allowed to go into business for himself before the Civil War, building cargo ships for trade routes between the United States and South America through the Caribbean. He also built many commercial and residential edifices.

Edward Chandler, one of Florida's finest

Edward Chandler

Edward Chandler was born on this date in 1887. He was an African American chemist.

From Ocala, Florida, Edward Marion Augustus Chandler received a Bachelor of Science for Howard University in 1913 and a Master of Science from Clark University in 1914. He earned a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Illinois in 1917. Dr. Chandler served as a Chemist for the Dicks David & Heller Company from 1917 to 1921. From 1921 to 1924 he worked as a Plant Chemist for Abbott Laboratories. Beginning in 1924, Dr. Chandler was a Consulting Chemist in Lake County, Illinois.