Science/ Medicine

This category includes blacks in all sciences; medicine, technology, health, physics, psychology, agronomy, environment, research and more.

Dr. Ben Carson, surgeon, politician and more

Dr. Ben Carson

*Dr. Benjamin Carson was born on this date in 1951. He is a retired African American neurosurgeon and politican.

Lemington Elder Care, a first for African America health & wellness

Lemington Elder Care, 1900
(Photo, C. "Teenie" Harris)

*On the Fourth of July 1883, Lemington Elder Care Services (LECS) began. Located in Pittsburgh, this was one of the first Homes for the Aged and Infirm Colored Women in America and it is the oldest continuously operated home for the aged existing in the United States.

William Claytor, a mathematical genius

William Claytor

William Claytor was born on this date in 1908. He was an African American mathematician and educator.

Nobel winner says AIDS is biological warfare on Blacks

Wangari Maathai

On this date in 2004, Kenyan ecologist Wangari Maathai restated her claim that the AIDS virus was a deliberately created biological agent.

The 2004 Nobel Peace Prize winner said, "Some say that AIDS came from the monkeys, and I doubt that because we have been living with monkeys [since] time immemorial, others say it was a curse from God, but I say it cannot be that. "Us black people are dying more than any other people in this planet." Maathai spoke at a press conference in Nairobi a day after winning the prize for her work in human rights and reversing deforestation across Africa.

A computers best friend, Dr. Mark Dean

Dr. Mark Dean

*Mark Dean was born this date in 1957. He is an African American computer scientist.

From Jefferson City, Tennessee, Dean's grandfather was a high school principal; his father was a supervisor at the Tennessee Valley Authority Dam. As a boy, he and his father built a tractor from scratch. He recalled growing up that one white friend in sixth grade asked if he was really black. His friend had concluded Dean was too smart to be black. Dean was one of the few black students attending Jefferson City (Tenn.) High School. He was both a fine athlete and a straight-A student.

Exhaust Purifier patented

Blueprint (copy)

On this date in 1968 Rufus Stokes patented an Exhaust Purifier.

This African American inventor filed for the patent 3,378,241 two years earlier.
At the time he was working at working at R.S. Engineering Company, Inc., Chicago, Ill.

African-American Inventors

Created Equal The Lives and Ideas of Black American Innovators
By James Michael Brodie
Copyright 1993, by Bill Adler Books, Inc.
William Morrow and Co. Inc., New York
ISBN 0-688-11536-5

Marie M. Daly, biochemist born

Marie M. Daly

Marie Daly was born on this date in 1921. She was an African American biochemist.

From Corona, NY, Marie Maynard Daly earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Queens College in 1942 and a Master of Science from New York University in 1943.

Dr. Shirley Jackson, a progressive scientist

Shirley A. Jackson

*Shirley Ann Jackson was born on this date in 1946. She is an African American physicist specializing in Theory.

Dr. Mae Jemison, astronaut, physician, promoter of science issues

Mae Jemison

Mae Carol Jemison was born on this date in 1956. She is an African American astronaut and physician.

She was born in Decatur, Alabama, but raised in Chicago, the youngest of three children. Her parents, Dorothy and Charlie Jemison, encouraged, stimulated, and supported the many interest of their children. Young Mae Carol Jemison loved to read and to dance. She enjoyed science fiction, pure science, and learning about the formation of the universe. She graduated from Morgan Park High School in 1973, and entered Stanford University as a scholarship student, all at age 16.

First Black woman doctor graduates

*On this date in 1864 the first Black woman attained a Medical Degree.

Rebecca Lee Crumpler graduated from the New England Female Medical College on this date. Crumpler worked from 1852-1860 as a nurse in Massachusetts.

Traces of a Stream: Literacy and Social Change Among African-American Women
By Jacqueline Jones Royster
University of Pittsburgh Press
Copyright April 2000
ISBN 0-822957256

To become a Doctor