On this date in 1849, the case of Roberts v. The City of Boston began. This lawsuit was on behalf of a Black five-year-old who was barred from...
*The creation of the name California is celebrated on this date in 1850; the official date of it’s statehood. The designation “California” is...
*On this date in 1850 the United States Congress passed the second Fugitive Slave Law act. A similar act was enacted in 1793, both legislations...
*On this date 1851, Black abolitionists broke into a Boston courthouse and rescued Shadrach Minkins, a fugitive slave. Born in Norfolk in 1800...
On this date in 1851, the Christiana Resistance occurred, a race riot that was the first recorded open resistance to the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law...
Uncle Toms Cabin, an antislavery novel written in 1852 is celebrated on this date. The story was written about a faithful Black slave killed by a...
On this date in 1852, Frederick Douglass gave the speech "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro.”
The abolitionist was invited to...
On this date in 1853, Harriet Tubman began her work with the Underground Railroad. This was a network of antislavery activists who helped slaves...
*On this date in 1853, we celebrate the Stanton Family Cemetery.
In 1853, Nancy and Daniel Stanton headed the Stanton family of...
On this date in 1854, fugitive slave Anthony Burns was returned to the South from Boston.
Born a slave in Virginia, Burns was 20 when he...
On this date in 1854, the U.S. Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act that allowed voting residents (meaning primarily white males) in the...
*On this date in 1854, Elizabeth Jennings was refused a seat on public Streetcar, setting off the first racial transportation lawsuit in America...
*On this date in 1856, we celebrate the Margaret Garner story. This account is one of the most notorious runaway slave cases in pre-Civil War...
*On this date in 1857, the United States Supreme Court ruled in the Dred Scott Case. It is believed by many to have been a key cause of the...
*On this date in 1858, the Oberlin Wellington Rescue occurred. Taking place in Lorain County, Ohio, this was a key episode in the history of the...
*On this date in 1859, "the weeping time" of slavery occurred in African American heritage. This was the largest sale of human beings in the...
On this date in 1859, abolitionist John Brown, who was white, and a group of his followers raided the Harpers Ferry Virginia arsenal.
On this date in 1859, two of the five Black abolitionist in the raid on Harpers Ferry, Shields Green and John Anthony Copeland, were hanged. The...
On this date in 1861, the Civil War began. This war is also referred to as "The War Between the States", "The War of Rebellion", or "The War for...
The American Civil War, waged from 1861 to 1865, is remembered on this date.
Before and during the Civil War, the North and South...
Today in American History