*This date celebrates the Freedmen’s Bureau. During the Reconstruction period, after the American Civil War (1865-72), the U.S. Bureau of...
*On this date in 1865, former Black slaves started Memorial Day in America.
This occurred in Charleston, SC to honor 257 dead Union...
This date marks the Juneteenth National Freedom Day. Celebrated on June 19, Juneteenth is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the...
The 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States was ratified on this date in 1865.
It reads, "Neither slavery nor involuntary...
On this date in 1866, the Black citizens of
Washington, D.C., celebrated the abolition of slavery.
A demonstration of 4,000 to 5,...
*The Memphis riot occurred on this date in 1866. It was a race riot that lasted for three days and resulted in the deaths of forty-six Blacks...
*On June 28, 1866, an Act of Congress authorized the creation of two cavalry and four infantry regiments, "which shall be composed of colored men...
On this date in 1866, the New Orleans riot occurred.
Angered by the enactment of the Black Codes in Louisiana, and by the legislature's...
*On this date in 1867. The Peabody Fund was established. The Peabody Fund provided monies for construction, endowments, scholarships, teacher and...
On this date in 1867, emancipated Blacks began influencing South Carolina politics, when citizens of the state endorsed their constitutional...
On this date in 1868, the Opelousas massacre occurred. That city in Louisiana was the site where local Blacks lost their lives by violent whites...
On this date in 1868, a Black senator was assassinated in South Carolina.
B.F. Randolph, a member of the South Carolina State...
On this date in 1868, the first Black man was elected to the U.S. Congress
John Willis Menard defeated a White candidate, 5,107 to 2,833...
*On this date in 1870, the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified. This guaranteed African American men the right to...
On this date in 1872, Charlotte E. Ray became the first Black woman admitted to practice before the district Supreme Court (Washington D.C.)....
On this date in 1873, Puerto Rico abolished slavery.
Leaders of the Puerto Rican abolitionist movement, including José Jull6n Acosta,...
*On this date in 1873, the Colfax Massacre happened. Also called the Colfax Riot, the violence erupted in Grant Parish Courthouse in Colfax,...
*On this date in 1874, White Democrats seized the Louisiana statehouse in a takeover. This White resistance and occupation has been called the...
*On this date in 1874, the Order of the Eastern Star was created. This is the oldest sorority-based Black women’s organization in America....
On this date in 1875, the first Kentucky Derby was run with a Black man as the winning jockey.
He (Oliver Lewis) rode three-year-old...
Today in American History