Bobby Marshall, a Minnesota Icon
*Bobby Marshall was born on this date in 1880. He was an African American athlete and lawyer.
From Minneapolis, Minnesota, his grandparents were slaves from Virginia. His father Richard met his mother Symantha Gillespie in Wisconsin after both families moved north. Her family (German-Jewish heritage) helped found the first AME Church in Milwaukee. Raised in a community where one of his best friends Sigmund (Sig) Harris, also a Jew; Robert Wells Marshall went on to excel in sports at Minneapolis Central High School. The family attended St. Peter’s A.M.E. church, and after his mother died he worked with his father as a janitor to help raise his two sisters Sarah and Alice and brother Lewis.
After graduating from high school in 1901, he entered the University of Minnesota. Marshall was known as an “outstanding student” who studied law through the spring of 1907. He was also a fine football player who became an All-American end. His blocking gave the Gophers the tying touchdown against the University of Michigan in 1903. This game started the traditional rivalry of the Little Brown Jug between the schools. His Minnesota Gophers were the disputed champions of the West in 1904, and in 1906, Marshall made headlines in the Minneapolis Tribune when he kicked the winning 48-yard field goal against the University of Chicago.
He became a Minnesota hero who fit well into the University partly because he was so fair skinned he could get by in white society. Yet the Gopher football team was unique, with Marshall at end, a Jewish quarterback (Harris), an Native American (Ed Rogers) on the line with a generous helping of Swedes and German filling out their roster. In 1907, Marshall graduated from the University with a law degree. The reality was that there was not a market in Minnesota for another black lawyer and the African American client base was small. Add to this that whites preferred doing business with their own kind and he was forced to pursue other option to support his family. Though he opened a law office in the Metropolitan Life Building in downtown Minneapolis, sports offered him more options as an adult.
Soon afterwards, he began playing professional segregated baseball for the St. Paul colored Gophers part-time. In 1908, he joined the Minneapolis Keystones where he began a friendship with one of the best players of the era-William Binga. In 1909 he and Binga joined the St. Paul Colored Gophers; who became the greatest black baseball team in Minnesota history. This team over the early years of the twentieth century played against the best Black baseball teams and players in America. In 1910 Marshall and teammate Felix Wallace accepted a request from Rube Foster to join the Chicago Leland Giants. Sadly in their first Black vs. white game against the Chicago Cubs he had two errors, with not hits in a 4 to 1 loss. The season with the Giants required traveling throughout the Deep South, and the Gulf of Mexico; Marshall returned to Minneapolis after season to play and reestablish his law practice.
He joined Otto A. Pitzke and Franklin law firm and later practiced with the office of Nash and Armstrong. Marshall married his wife Irene in 1918, had four children and he also worked as a grain inspector. From 1912 to 1930, he played, administered, or coached baseball teams (Black and white) in Minnesota; he retired 1938. He was arguably the best athlete to come out of the state of Minnesota, held back from the national spotlight because of segregation against Black people. Marshall lived to see the integration of Baseball nationally and in Minnesota. The Minneapolis Millers awarded him a lifetime pass to their games where hi watched Roy Campenella, Willie Mays, Ray Dandridge and others hone their careers.
During this time, he began to develop signs of Alzheimer’s disease, Bobby Marshall died in 1958 at the age of 72.
Swinging for the Fences, Black Baseball in Minnesota,
Ed. By Steven R. Hoffbeck
Footnotes by Kwame McDonald
Minnesota Historical Society Press
Today in American History