Clinton Fisk, freedman bureau pioneer


Clinton Fisk
Date: 
Mon, 1828-12-08

Clinton Fisk was born on this date in 1828. He was a White American soldier, prohibitionist, businessman, and educator.

Born near the Erie Canal in Western New York, Clinton Bowen Fisk was the son of Benjamin Bigford Fisk and Lydia Aldrich Fisk. His parents moved to what was then Michigan Territory while he was a baby. His father’s death caused him and his family to grow up in poverty.

Young Fisk did establish himself as a small banker in Coldwater, Michigan, where in 1850, he married Jeannette Crippen. Fisk’s bank business was ruined in the economic Panic of 1857.

He was a resourceful man, who reestablished himself in St. Louis, by the start of the Civil War. He served in the home guards, seizing Camp Jackson in May 1861. During the summer of the following year, Fisk recruited and organized the 33rd Missouri Volunteers, and was promoted that November to brigadier general. He mustered out in 1865 as a major general.

After the war, Fisk was appointed to the Freedman’s Bureau. He came on board as assistant commissioner of the Bureau of Refuges, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands for Kentucky and Tennessee. It was here in 1866, he opened a school for freedmen in an abandoned army barracks in Nashville, Tennessee. A year later the institution was chartered in his name as Fisk University. Soon after, Fisk returned to banking in New York until 1874, when he was appointed to the Board of Indian Commissioners. He was president of the board from 1881 until 1890.

In 1882, Fisk was appointed as a trustee of Dickinson College. Six years later 188, Fisk ran for president of the United States on a Prohibition Party ticket, gaining 250,000 votes.

Clinton Fisk died on July 9, 1890.

Reference:
The World Book Encyclopedia.
Copyright 1996, World Book, Inc.
ISBN 0-7166-0096-X

Person / name: 

Fisk, Clinton Bowen