Frederick Patterson, founder of United Negro College Fund

D. Patterson
Thu, 1901-10-10

Frederick Patterson was born on this date in 1901. He was an African American doctor and education administrator.

Born in Washington, D. C., he and his family moved to Texas when Frederick Douglass Patterson was young.

He received a doctorate in veterinary medicine (1923) and a Master of Science (1927) from Iowa State College, and a Ph.D. (1932) from Cornell University. He taught at Virginia State College in Petersburg before joining Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama (1928), where he headed the veterinary division, served as director of the School of Agriculture, and then became the institutes's third president.

He was president of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (later Tuskegee Institute; now Tuskegee University) in 1935-53. During this time (1944) he was the founder of the United Negro College Fund (UNCF). The United Negro College Fund, a fund-raising organization for historically black private colleges, administered programs and granted scholarships. By the year of Patterson's death in 1988, it was providing funds for 42 member colleges and aiding some 45,000 students. In the mid-1970s, Patterson devised the College Endowment Funding Plan, a program that depended on funds from private businesses that were matched with federal moneys.

He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1987. Frederick Patterson educator and prominent Black leader died on April 26, 1988 in New Rochelle, N.Y.

Outside In, African-American History in Iowa, 1838-2000
by Bill Silag, Susan-Koch Bridgford, Hal Chase
Copyright 2001
Published by the State Historical Society of Iowa
ISBN 0-8033-013-1

To become a Doctor

Person / name: 

Patterson, Frederick