James Hood, activist born


Hood at the University of Alabama, 1963
Date: 
Tue, 1942-11-10

*James Hood was born on this date in 1942. He was an African American educator and activist.

From Gladsden, Ala, Hood graduated from Carver High School in 1961 and got involved with the Civil Rights movement through Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. He made history on June 11, 1963 when he and Vivan Malone became the first black students to enroll at the University of Alabama. This was done while defying then-Governor George Wallace's pledge to block integration of the state's public schools. Hood and Malone registered to attend the all-white state university over the governors public objections. Five months earlier, Wallace promised "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever" during his inaugural speech at the Capitol in Montgomery.

On registration day, Wallace stood outside an auditorium at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa in a failed effort to prevent Hood and Malone from registering. President John F. Kennedy, who ordered Alabama National Guard units to the campus, thwarted the governor’s attempt. Wallace then stepped aside, allowing the students to enter. Samory Pruitt, vice president for community affairs at the University of Alabama said Hood "was willing to put his life on the line that day and wasn't afraid. He wanted to create opportunities for others." Malone, who entered the University of Alabama with Hood, went on to graduate in 1964 with a degree in management. Malone, whose married name was Jones, died in 2005. Although she was the first black Alabama graduate, she and Hood were not the first to enroll at the university. Autherine Lucy had enrolled in 1956, but was forced to leave the university after riots broke out.

Hood attended the university for a few months before moving to Michigan and finishing his undergrad school at Wayne State University. After completing his master's, he became an educational administrator for Madison Area Technical College in Wisconsin, where he worked as the head of human and protective services for many years. But he returned to the University of Alabama three decades after he left, earning a doctorate in interdisciplinary studies in 1997. Hood met with Wallace in 1996, and the former governor apologized for his actions. He returned to Alabama in 1997 to earn his doctorate in education.

When Wallace died in 1998, Hood attended the funeral, calling the former segregationist a changed man. In 2010, the university honored his pioneering efforts by naming the site of the infamous confrontation the Malone-Hood Plaza. James Hood, 70, died in his hometown of Gadsden, Alabama, according to his obituary notice published on January 18, 2013.

Reference:
Los Angeles Times
202 West 1st Street
Los Angeles, California, 90012

Person / name: 

Hood, James