John Henry Murphy, Sr., founder of Baltimore's first Black newspaper


John
Murphy Sr.
Date: 
Fri, 1840-12-25

This date marks the birthday of John Henry Murphy Sr. He was a Black journalist, businessman and founder of the Black newspaper the Baltimore Afro-American.

John Henry Murphy, Sr., was born a slave on Christmas day 1840 in Baltimore, Maryland, and was freed by the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. He served as a sergeant in the infantry during the Civil War. After the war he worked as a white-washer and home decorator. Murphy founded the Afro-American newspaper in 1892, originally designed to serve a local church community.

With the assistance of his five sons and six daughters, he turned The Afro-American into one of the leading Black newspapers of the 20th century. John Henry Murphy, Sr., served as the paper's editor in chief until his death in 1922.

Reference:
Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century.
Edited by Leon Litwack and August Meier
Copyright 1998, University if Illinois Press
ISBN 0-252-06213-2

to be a Journalist or Reporter

Person / name: 

Murphy, Sr., John Henry