John Rankin, a committed abolitionist
*John Rankin was born on this date in 1793. He was a White American minister and abolitionist with the Underground Railroad.
Rankin was born in Jefferson County, Tennessee. After attending district school he attended Washington College at Jonesborough. On January 12, 1814 he married Jean Lowry and together created a family of nine sons and four daughters, all of who lived to have families of their own. In 1816 Rankin was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Abington, Virginia. He preached in Jefferson County Presbyterian church and spent four years in Concord and Cane Ridge, Kentucky.
In 1822, Reverend Rankin accepted a call from the Presbyterian Church at Ripley, Ohio. It was here that the famous "Abolition Letters" were written. As an abolitionist, Rankin realized his work in "The Underground Railroad" needed a more advantageous location. His home on Front Street was too accessible to slave owners seeking to reclaim their slave property. He chose a spot on a high hill overlooking the village of Ripley, the Ohio River, and it had a full view of the Kentucky shoreline. The family moved into what became “The Rankin House” in 1828.
Reverend Rankin also helped establish churches in Cedron, Felicity, Buford, Sardinia, Huntington, Russellville, Decatur and Winchester, Ohio. He was also the first president of "The Ripley College." John Rankin Died on March 12, 1886. He is buried in Ripley’s Maplewood Cemetery.
The Encyclopedia Britannica, Fifteenth Edition.
Copyright 1996 Encyclopedia Britannica Inc.