Raven Wilkinson, Ballet pioneer
*Raven Wilkinson’s birth in 1935 is celebrated on this date. She is an African American ballet dancer (semi-retired) and actress.
From New York City, her mother was influential pursuing ballet training for her. Wilkinson began studying with a well-known Russian dancer when she was nine. After being inspired by seeing Janet Collins on stage in the early 1950s, she left school in her teens to pursue ballet full time. When the director of Ballet de Russe purchased Monte Carlo, her ballet school the students were invited to try out for his company.
Racism made acceptance into the company unlikely and she was discouraged from auditioning by fellow students. Yet after several try-outs she was accepted on a six-week trial basis in 1955. Wilkinson (who has light skin) and her parents were told that they were not to let the public know she was black. During her first six weeks with the Ballet Russe and many times after that, the company performed in locations throughout the segregated South, staying in segregated hotels and successfully keeping Wilkinson’s race a secret. On stage, Wilkinson was often required to wear white make-up. Two years after joining the Ballet Russe, she was barred from staying with her company in an Atlanta hotel. When the hotel’s owner asked her outright whether she was black, Wilkinson refused to lie.
Increasingly, racial discrimination became a problem for her professionally and personally. The company’s director prohibited her from dancing in certain towns and to sent her to other cities where she could safely wait for the company’s arrival. After she had been with the Ballet Russe for several years achieving great dancing success, Wilkinson was told that she was unlikely to go any further in ballet and that she should consider leaving the company to start a school of African dance. Appalled by this suggestion, and exhausted from the years of racism, Wilkinson left the company. After auditioning other ballet companies and not being accepted, she stopped dancing for several years, taught ballet and gave lecture/demonstrations. At one point, she was a guest teacher in the Bahamas for two weeks with a company managed by a former member of Ballet Russe.
She also joined a nunnery for about six months. In the mid-1960s, after performing in Washington, DC with a member of Holland’s National Ballet, Wilkinson was invited to join that company. She went to Holland in the fall of 1967 and did not return to the US until 1974. Wilkinson’s acting credits include the role of Bloody Mary's Assistant in Broadways South Pacific 1987 and Malla in A Little Night Music 1990-1991. Currently Wilkinson is a member of the New York City Opera and today she can still be seen in many performances.
Black Women in America An Historical Encyclopedia
Volumes 1 and 2, edited by Darlene Clark Hine
Copyright 1993, Carlson Publishing Inc., Brooklyn, New York
Today in American History